Can artificial intelligence replace human intelligence?

Artificial intelligence has helped advance many jobs and processes, with its ability to learn and improve, but will it ever reach the level where it is able to replace human intelligence, and what would this mean for us?​

The development of artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the simulation of human intelligence programmed into machines. It is the ability of a computer or robot to do tasks that are usually done by humans because they require human intelligence. While in the beginning AI started as machines performing only trivial human tasks and enhancing the speed of production processes, or computers teaching themselves how to play chess better, it has evolved greatly throughout the years. AI can be seen everywhere today, it enhances most phone cameras to allow better pictures, helps us manage our finances and is integrated in our daily lives in many ways. But besides helping us automate our world and enhance the efficiency of jobs, which a “computer intelligence” is expected to be able to do, there are examples of AI coming closer and closer to human intelligence. With robots being able to participate in conversations and even quizzes, or producing paintings and music and exhibiting creativity in different forms, even coming close to mimicking human emotions, one can start to wonder what the future of AI will bring to us.

Are we replaceable?

No matter how many developments we see in the wide use of AI, it is still not possible for AI to replace human intelligence. The core aspect of human intelligence remains our ability to consider ourselves and others, feel empathy, make decisions based not only on data but also instinct, and read the emotions of people around us in order to adjust our behavior, a key aspect of human interaction.
But the fact that computers are not able to mimic this currently does not mean it will always be impossible. This remains one of the biggest debates concerning AI today.

Envisioning the future

While some people are excited to see all that AI can achieve, others have warned about possible dangers and social impacts it could have. For now the future is not clear, but we should approach it with excitement and an open mind, trying to benefit from all AI has made possible, while continuing to value our own intelligence and emotions. We need to appreciate what we are all capable of, and see that the question is not about choosing between AI and humans, but rather about building a future of collaboration where we have both – human intelligence and artificial intelligence – coexisting and functioning together.